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Proper nutrition management, or a food plan, is essential for better glucose control. This in turn helps reduce the risk of diabetes complications. An individualized food nutrition plan based on exchanges or carb counting should meet your nutritional needs, while including a variety of foods without being overly restrictive. Daily consistency regarding the types of foods included in the meal, their nutritional information, and the time at which they are consumed will help to normalize blood glucose levels. Meal planning tips:
- Replace saturated fats and oils with unsaturated oils found in canola oil, olive oil, and nuts.
- Moderate salt and salty food consumption, especially when high blood pressure is present.
- Watch the amount of protein rich foods. Its a nutritional fact, one portion is about the size of the palm of your hand (no fingers). Choose fish and low-fat cuts of chicken and red meats. Choose low fat cheeses. Try tofu and other bean dishes for protein.
- Incorporate high fiber foods such as grains, raw vegetables and fruits. (Fruit is better than fruit juice.)
- Spread your daily carbohydrate intake through the day. Don't eat too much carbohydrates at one time.