Hemochromatosis is an inherited disease that causes excessive amounts of iron to accumulate in the body. Although diabetes can be one of many unwanted side effects of the iron overload, the rate of hemochromatosis is no higher in those with diabetes than those without.
Things in the about diabetes section.
Gestational Diabetes is a form of Type 2 diabetes that begins during pregnancy, often near the end of the second trimester or during the third trimester. It is caused by the hormones of pregnancy or by a shortage of insulin. It affects 7% of all pregnancies and over 200,000 women a year in the U.S. Although this form of diabetes tends to go away after the baby is born, type 2 diabetes is more likely later in life.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, or PCOS, is a metabolic disorder that affects the female reproductive system. The key characteristics include irregular menstruation, obesity, infertility, acne and hair growth on the face, chest, and back (hirsutism) and ovarian cysts. Polycystic means "many cysts," and the ovaries in women with PCOS are usually large and full of cysts, although they may not have symptoms. About 6% to 10% of women have PCOS. To be diagnosed with PCOS, a woman must have at least one of the clinical signs mentioned above. Many women with PCOS are insulin resistant and overweight or obese and some may have Type 2 diabetes.
Syndrome X, which is also known as the "metabolic syndrome" or "Insulin Resistance Syndrome", is a condition that is linked to an increased risk of diabetes and heart disease. It was first recognized in the 1960's and information about it was first published in 1990.
Pre-diabetes (previously called Impaired Glucose Tolerance IGT) was first named in 2003 and is designed to foster attention and action in people who receive this diagnosis. It is defined as having a blood glucose level that is higher than normal, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes. The cutoff for pre-diabetes is a fasting blood sugar of 100 mg/dl. Fasting levels between 100 and 126 mg/dl are diagnosed as pre-diabetes and a fasting level of 126 mg/dl and up is diabetes.
Type 2 Symptoms
When Type 2 begins:
10 Years later at diagnosis
- Weight Gain
- Blurred vision
- Numbness or tingling of the
feet or legs
- Slow Healing
Adapted from Using Insulin © 2003
Type 1.5 is one of several names now applied to those who are diagnosed with diabetes as adults, but who do not immediately require insulin for treatment, are often not overweight, and have little or no resistance to insulin.