Information | Diabetesnet.com

Information

Things in the about diabetes section.

Hemochromatosis

Hemochromatosis is an inherited disease that causes excessive amounts of iron to accumulate in the body. Although diabetes can be one of many unwanted side effects of the iron overload, the rate of hemochromatosis is no higher in those with diabetes than those without.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational Diabetes is a form of Type 2 diabetes that begins during pregnancy, often near the end of the second trimester or during the third trimester. It is caused by the hormones of pregnancy or by a shortage of insulin. It affects 7% of all pregnancies and over 200,000 women a year in the U.S. Although this form of diabetes tends to go away after the baby is born, type 2 diabetes is more likely later in life.

Polycystic Ovary Disease (PCOS)

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, or PCOS, is a metabolic disorder that affects the female reproductive system. The key characteristics include irregular menstruation, obesity, infertility, acne and hair growth on the face, chest, and back (hirsutism) and ovarian cysts. Polycystic means "many cysts," and the ovaries in women with PCOS are usually large and full of cysts, although they may not have symptoms. About 6% to 10% of women have PCOS. To be diagnosed with PCOS, a woman must have at least one of the clinical signs mentioned above. Many women with PCOS are insulin resistant and overweight or obese and some may have Type 2 diabetes.

Prediabetes (Impaired Glucose Tolerance)

Pre-diabetes (previously called Impaired Glucose Tolerance IGT) was first named in 2003 and is designed to foster attention and action in people who receive this diagnosis. It is defined as having a blood glucose level that is higher than normal, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes. The cutoff for pre-diabetes is a fasting blood sugar of 100 mg/dl. Fasting levels between 100 and 126 mg/dl are diagnosed as pre-diabetes and a fasting level of 126 mg/dl and up is diabetes.

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