People with diabetes are at high risk for a number of complications if it isn't properly controlled. Preventing complications at an early stage is an important reason to match insulin delivery to need.
Things in the about diabetes section.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among people with Type 2 diabetes. The risk of death from CVD is twice as high for men and six times higher for women with diabetes than for people without diabetes. Most people with Type 2 diabetes suffer from the Insulin Resistance Syndrome (IRS), which can include insulin resistance, high blood sugar, abdominal obesity, high blood pressure and cholesterol problems.
Although Necrobiosis Lipoidica affects only one of every 300 people with diabetes, this disease of the legs can be very disfiguring. Women are three times as likely as men to encounter this problem. On the right, the large lesion in the lower shin in one of John's patients shows advanced changes. The thin, translucent-appearing skin reveals blood vessels and other subcutaneous tissues that are not normally visible. An early NL lesion can be seen near the bottom and another intermediate lesion is at the top.
Foot problems in diabetes can be caused by damage to both large and small blood vessels, which is much more common in diabetes. Foot problems, including nerve damage or peripheral neuropathy, usually begin with vascular disease. Damage to small blood vessels, in particular, appears to be the major cause of nerve damage that results in loss of feeling, or worse pain and burning sensations that bother the feel and legs. Once nerve damage progresses, it triggers loss of motor control and the abnormal gait that results in ulcers and amputations.
Keeping blood sugars normal is the best way to keep the eyes healthy. But to protect your vision, comprehensive eye exams are needed every year, or as directed by your physician. Remember, the most dangerous threats to vision in diabetes give little or no warning. Only by direct examination with an ophthalmoscope can these early changes be seen and treatment started before sight becomes seriously threatened.
Cataracts are lens opacities that cause 50% of the blindness in underdeveloped countries. In the U.S., cataract surgery is already the most costly surgical expense: some $3.2 billion each year.